WX History: March 8th

1669: Mount Etna in Sicily had its’ most destructive eruption.

1909: A major tornado outbreak occurred from southwest into east-central Arkansas. Sheridan to Brinkley was hardest hit.

2000: An F1 tornado traveled a short distance across Milwaukee, Wisconsin during the evening hours. The tornado injured 16 people. 


2013: A nor’easter impacted southern New England. Over two feet of snow fell in eastern Massachusetts.  


WX History: March 7th

1717: A series of snowstorms between February 27 and March 7 blanketed the New England colonies with five or more feet of snow. Click HERE for more information from the New England Historical Society.

March 7, 1717 Deep Snow

1970: Last near total eclipse of the sun in Washington, DC in this century. Sun was 95% eclipsed.


WX History: March 6th

1908: A tropical storm formed about 500 miles northeast of San Juan, Puerto Rico on this day. The storm Became a Category 2 Hurricane on March 7th. Since 1842, this is the only hurricane to develop in the Atlantic Ocean in March.

1962: The strongest nor’easter of this century struck the Mid-Atlantic Region on March 5-9, 1962. It is known as the “Ash Wednesday Storm” and caused over $200 million (1962 dollars) in property damage and major coastal erosion from North Carolina to Long Island, New York. In New Jersey alone, it was estimated to have destroyed or greatly damaged 45,000 homes. The Red Cross recorded that the storm killed 40 people. It hit during “Spring Tide.” When the sun and moon are in phase, they produce a higher than average astronomical tide. Water reached nine feet at Norfolk (flooding begins around five feet). Houses were toppled into the ocean and boardwalks were broken and twisted. The islands of Chincoteague and Assateague, Maryland were completely underwater.

2004: The central provinces of South Korea were crippled when heavy snow closed roads throughout the region, including many in the country’s capital, Seoul. More snow fell on March 6, 2004, than ever recorded for a single day in March since the Korea Meteorological Administration began keeping records in 1904. According to news reports, the city of Daejon (Taejon) in central South Korea, received 19 inches (49 centimeters) of snow on Friday, with an additional 6 inches (15 centimeters) forecast for Saturday.

2010: At least 7 funnel clouds were observed along the Orange County coast in southern California. Two were spotted near John Wayne Airport.

2017: A line of storms brought widespread wind damage and tornadoes to Minnesota, Wisconsin, Iowa, and northern Missouri.


WX History: March 5th

1894: The low temperature of 36 degrees at San Diego, California on this day was their lowest on record for March.

March 5, 1894 Low in San Diego

1959: Near blizzard conditions occurred over northern and central Oklahoma during a winter storm on March 5, 1959. Up to 7 inches of snow accumulated and winds up to 50 mph created snow drifts four to eight feet deep. In Edmond, a bus slid off the road into a ditch and overturned, injuring 16 people. 

In Iowa, the record-breaking snowstorm on March 4-6 began with light snow in western Iowa on the morning of the 4th then spread across the state and intensified with heavy snow falling from the night of the 4th, through the 5th, and into early morning on the 6th in eastern Iowa. The amount of snowfall and its subsequent effects were less severe in western Iowa and grew progressively worse moving eastward. In central Iowa, snowfall amounts were generally 6 to 10 inches, while in eastern Iowa a swath of about 12 to 20 inches of snow fell roughly from Appanoose County through Tama County and northeast to Allamakee County. Reported storm total snowfall amounts included 12.9 inches at Waterloo, 14.5 inches at Decorah, 16.0 inches at Oelwein, 17.0 inches at Oskaloosa, 17.6 inches at Dubuque, 19.8 inches at Marshalltown where 17.8 inches fell in just 24 hours, and 22.0 inches at Fayette where 21.0 inches fell in 24 hours. Winds strengthened steadily during the storm with speeds reaching 30 to 50 mph at times and causing extensive blowing and drifting of snow. Drifts 6 to 10 feet deep were common and in northeastern Iowa, a few locations reported drifts 15 to 20 feet deep.

March 3-5, 1959 Snow Storm
A general snowfall map courtesy of the Midwestern Regional Climate Center.


1966: A plane crashes near Mount Fuji in Japan after encountering severe turbulence. The pilot veered a few miles off course to give the passengers a better view of Mount Fuji when it tremendous wind gusts. All 124 people on board the aircraft were killed. Click HERE for more information from BBC.

March 5, 1966 Mount Fiji Plane Crash
The image above shows the crash of the Boeing 707. The image is courtesy of BBC.

1989: A F2 tornado killed one person and injured six others in Heard County, Georgia. A stronger, F3 tornado injured 23 persons and caused more than 5 million dollars damage around Grantville, Georgia.

March 5, 1989 Georgia Tornado Tracks
The image above is courtesy of Storm Data.




Weather History Links Introduction

After researching historical weather and disaster events for the past several years, I found it tiresome looking and remembering credible information. The goal of this blog is to provide useful links in an easy to use format. Please feel free to comment if you have any questions, suggestions, or links to add. Thanks!

This Date in Weather/Climate History:

The Southeast Regional Climate Center publishes a daily weather history story on Facebook and Twiter. They post one event per day during the morning hours(~7 am central time), with an occasional post in the afternoon. Click HERE for their webpage.

Several National Weather Service Forecast Offices have weather history and significant events on their webpage. The National Weather Service Office in Aberdeen, South Dakota has an excellent, daily weather history archive page that contains local and regional weather events, as well as global events from 1500’s to the present day. Click HERE for their archive page.

Another useful site is the Weather Doctor by Keith C Heidorn, Ph.D. This page contains a wealth of information about daily events for Canada, the United States, and the world. Unfortunately, the webpage has not been updated since November 2013. The easiest way to change from one month to the next is by changing the URL address. 2016-05-20_10-36-55 January noted in yellow as jan, can easily be modified to September by simply typing sep.htm

The website, http://www.glenallenweather.com/ also has daily weather history archive page. While this site contains excellent information with references, some of the events are listed on a wrong day.

U.S. Daily Weather Maps:

The NOAA Central Library has daily weather maps for the United States from January 1st, 1871 to the present day. These maps can be found by clicking HERE.

National High and Low Temperature by Day:

The Weather Prediction Center issues a daily National High and Low Temperature for the contiguous US. The archive begins on November 22, 2011. 



WX History: March 3rd

1896: The temperature in downtown San Francisco, California fell to 33 degrees, which was the lowest ever for the city in March. 

March 3, 1896 San Fran Cold

1966: One of the most devastating tornadoes in Mississippi history occurred on this day. This tornado would come to be known as the “Candlestick Park” tornado, named after a shopping center in south Jackson which was totally destroyed by the tornado. One of only two documented F5 tornadoes to strike Mississippi in the 20th century. The worst damage occurred in parts of Hinds, Rankin, Scott, and Leake counties, where a total of 57 people were killed and over 500 were injured.

1991: A major ice storm coated parts of central and northwestern New York State with up to two inches of ice. Damage was totaled at $375 million. It was the most costly natural disaster ever in the state up until that time. Nearly half a million people were without power at the height of the storm and many would not see their power restored until the 16th.


WX History: March 2nd

1927: Raleigh, North Carolina was buried under 17.8 inches of snow in 24 hours, a record for that location until 2000. On January 25, 2000, Raleigh saw 17.9 inches of snow in 24 hours.

1988: Thunderstorms produced severe weather in the south-central U.S. A tornado in Baton Rouge, Louisiana injured two persons, and another tornado caused $5 million in damages at the airport in Lafayette, Louisiana.

March 2, 1988 Lafayette Tornado
The barograph trace above is from the airport at Lafayette, LA. It shows an instantaneous pressure drop of 0.24 inches as the tornado passed. An 83 mph wind gust was also observed. The F1 tornado traveled 0.8 miles.

1990: Twenty-two ships were trapped by ice in the worst ice jam in the Gulf of St. Lawrence in 10 years. The ice was 23 feet thick.

2012: A violent tornado approaches Henryville, Indiana.


WX History: March 1st

1910: The worst avalanche in US history regarding lives lost, occurred Wellington, Washington. Heavy snow occurred from February 26 through the 28, which blocked the rail lines. Weather conditions turned on the 28th with a thunderstorm occurring over the area. Just after 1 AM on March 1, a ten to 14 foot high mass of snow broke free from the mountainside and pushed the trains 150 feet down into the Tye River Gorge. In all, 96 people were killed by this avalanche.

Sources: History.com  Seattle Times.com


1998: Incredible amount of snow falls on Lead, South Dakota from February 25 through March 1. The official storm total was 103 inches for the 5 day period. Source: NWS Office in Rapid City, SD



WX History: February 25th

1934: An outbreak of six tornadoes killed nineteen in Mississippi, Alabama, and Georgia. Hardest hit was Bowden, GA and Shady Grove, AL. One home in Lauderdale County, Mississippi was picked up, thrown 400 feet and blown to bits. Six family members were killed in the house.

Source: Monthly Weather Review.

2010: A strong nor’easter spread significant snow and windy conditions across the Middle Atlantic region from Thursday, February 25th into Friday, February 26th. An area of low pressure developed off the Carolina coast late Wednesday night February 24th and then strengthened as it tracked northward to near Long Island, New York by Thursday evening. As low pressure aloft deepened over the Mid-Atlantic coast Thursday night into Friday, the surface low retrograded and moved westward into northern New Jersey and southern New York. By Saturday, February 27th, the low pushed into southern New England and gradually weakened over the weekend. High wind gusts were measured throughout the Middle Atlantic region as a result of this coastal storm. Some of the highest wind gusts recorded include 62 mph measured at Cape May, New Jersey; 52 mph at the Atlantic City Marina; 51 mph at the Mount Pocono Airport and at Lewes, Delaware; and 50 mph at Dover Air Force Base. Wind gusts of 40 mph or greater were also recorded in Philadelphia, Wilmington, and Allentown. Considerable blowing and drifting snow resulted, especially from the Poconos eastward into northern New Jersey. Snow drifts as high as 3 to 5 feet were seen across portions of Warren and Sussex counties in New Jersey. Total accumulations of 20 inches or more were recorded from Morris and Sussex counties in New Jersey westward into Monroe County Pennsylvania. A band of 12 to 18 inches of snow accumulation was measured from Warren and Morris counties in New Jersey westward to Lehigh County Pennsylvania. In addition to snow that accumulated during the daytime on Thursday, many locations across the region experienced a heavier burst of snow with gusty winds Thursday night into early Friday thanks to additional moisture that wrapped around the low-pressure system. Some areas saw snowfall rates of 1 to 2 inches per hour, especially from northern New Jersey and into the Poconos. Central Park ended the month with a total of 36.9 inches of snow, making this the snowiest month since records began in 1869.

Feb 25, 2010 Snowicane
A powerful blizzard spins close to the New England coast on February 26, 2010. The image is courtesy of NASA’s MODIS Rapid Response System.
Feb 25, 2010 Snowicane Snowfall Map
The image above is the total observed snowfall from February 23 through February 26.


2017: An EF1 tornado was confirmed in Goshen and Conway County, MA. This tornado was the first ever recorded in February for MA since records began.



WX History: January 6th

1886: The “Great Blizzard of 1886” struck the Midwest with high winds, subzero temperatures, and heavy snowfall. These conditions caused as many as 100 deaths and 80% of the cattle in the state of Kansas. Click HERE for more information from the Kansas Historical Society. 

1996: A severe nor’easter paralyzed the East Coast on January 6 to the 8. In Washington D.C., this storm is also known as the “Great Furlough Storm” because it occurred during the 1996 federal government shutdown. Snowfall amounts from this event includes: 47 inches in Big Meadows, Virginia; 30.7″ in Philadelphia; 27.8″ in Newark; 24.6″ at the Dulles International Airport; 24.2″ in Trenton; 24″ in Providence; 22.5″ in Baltimore; 18.2″ in Boston; 17.1″ in D.C.; and 9.6″ in Pittsburgh. Click HERE for more information from the History.com.

2012: The coldest air in recent history moved into the Dakotas and Minnesota during the early morning hours of the 5th and continued into the afternoon hours of the 6th. The combination of sub-zero temperatures with north winds produced dangerously cold wind chills from 40 below to around 55 degrees below zero. Click HERE for more information from the NWS Office in Aberdeen, South Dakota.