WX History: July 13th

1895: A tornado that began in Cherry Hill, New Jersey made its way to Woodhaven, Long Island in New York. The image below is a hand-colored lantern slide in the Museum Library’s Lantern Slide Collection.

July 13, 1895 Cherry Hill Tornado

1951: Rivers across eastern Kansas crest well above flood stage, causing the greatest destruction from flooding in the Midwestern United States to that time. Five-hundred-thousand people were left homeless, and 24 people died in the disaster. Click HERE for more information from the History Channel. Click HERE for additional photos from the NWS Office in Topeka.

July 13, 1951 Kansas Flooding
The cloverleaf in North Topeka at the junction of U.S. Hwys. 24 and 75. The recently opened Jayhawk Junior Motel was underwater on its roof. The photo was looking southeast (photo courtesy of G.L. Sardou, Topeka, Kansas).



WX History: July 9th

1938: A deadly, estimated F4 tornado moved ESE across the eastern edge of Andover to the north of Bristol, South Dakota. Seventeen buildings were destroyed at Andover, and at least one home was completely swept away. Seven homes and a church also suffered damage. An elderly person was killed at the western edge of Andover, and a couple died in a home at the southern side of town. About two hours later, another estimated F4 tornado moved ENE from 2 miles northeast of White, South Dakota in Brookings County to Hendricks, Minnesota.  Only one person was injured from this storm.
July 9, 1938 - Andover, SD TornadoJuly 9, 1938 – Andover, SD Tornado · Sun, Jul 10, 1938 – 1 · The Los Angeles Times (Los Angeles, California) · Newspapers.com

1979: Hurricane Bob was born in the Gulf of Mexico, becoming the first Atlantic Hurricane to be given a male name.

July 9, 1979 Hurricane Bob
The image above is Hurricane Bob on July 10, 1979.

1997: Torrential rains in the Carpathian Mountains caused severe flooding in the Czech Republic, Poland, and German. In all, 104 people died as a result of the deluge. In the aftermath, authorities from each country blamed the others for the extent of the disaster. Click HERE for more information from the History Channel.

2007: The Argentine capital experiences its first major snowfall since June 22, 1918, as wet snow spreads a thin white mantle over the area. The storm hits on Argentina’s Independence Day holiday thus adding to a festive air. Thousands of Argentines cheer the event, throwing snowballs in the streets. Local radio stations dust off an old tango song inspired by the 1918 snowfall: What a night! Click HERE for more information from the Guardian.com

WX History: July 7th

1905: On this day, the mercury soared to 127 degrees at Parker, Arizona to tie the all-time state record established at Fort Mohave on June 15, 1896. The current record for Arizona is 128 degrees set in Lake Havasu City on June 29, 1994.

1991: During the early morning hours of Sunday, July 7, 1991, a bow echo developed over southeast South Dakota and began racing east, producing very damaging winds. This bow echo was the start of a long-lived derecho that lasted 17 hours and affected areas from the Great Plains into western New York and Pennsylvania. Wind gusts in some places reached 80 to 100 mph. The strongest gust, 103 mph, was measured at Sioux Center, Iowa around mid-morning, and the roof of a school was blown off in nearby Orange City. Click HERE for more information from the Storm Prediction Center.

July 7, 1991 SD to PA Derecho

2004: A tornado occurred in the Rockwell Pass area of Sequoia National Park, California. Since the elevation of the tornado’s ground circulation was approximately 3705 m (12,156 ft) MSL, this is the highest-elevation tornado documented in the United States as of 2017.

July 7, 2004 Sequoia National Park Tornado
Funnel cloud and cloud-based swirl associated with developing tornado above Rockwell Pass in Sequoia National Park at 2332 UTC 7 Jul 2004. (Photo by Scott Newton.)

2012: In Krymsk, Russia, nearly 11 inches of rain falls within a few hours on July 6th. The resulting flash floods occurred during the early morning hours on the 7. The flood wave, as high as 23 feet killed at least 172 people. The 10.83 inches is equivalent to three or four months’ worth of precipitation in a typical year.

July 7 2012 Russia Rain
Satellite image of Russia’s Krasnodar region along the northeast coast of the Black Sea, taken at 09:30 UTC Friday, July 6, 2012.

Click HERE for more This Day in Weather History from the Southeast Regional Climate Center.

WX History: July 6th

1893: A violent tornado killed 71 persons on its forty-mile track across northwestern Iowa. Forty-nine persons were killed around Pomeroy, where eighty percent of the buildings were destroyed, with most leveled to the ground. Click HERE for more information.

1928: A seven-inch hailstone weighing 1.5 pounds fell in Potter Nebraska. With a circumference of 17 inches, this appeared to be the largest hailstone in the world at that time. Click HERE for more information from the Monthly Weather Review published in August 1928.

July 6, 1928 Potter NE Hailstones
The image above is courtesy of the Monthly Weather Review.

1963: A farmer was fatally injured near Waubay, in Day County South Dakota, when the barn was destroyed while he was inside. Winds of 110 mph were recorded at FAA in Watertown, South Dakota before the roof and wind instruments were blown away.

July 6, 1963, Watertown, SD WindJuly 6, 1963, Watertown, SD Wind · Mon, Jul 8, 1963 – Page 1 · Lead Daily Call (Lead, South Dakota) · Newspapers.com

1986: Thunderstorms during the mid-morning hours, and again during the evening, produced major flash flooding at Leavenworth, Kansas. The official rainfall total was 10.37 inches, but unofficial totals exceeded twelve inches. At nearby Kansas City, the rainfall total of 5.08 inches was a daily record for July.

WX History: July 3rd

1873: A tornado in Hancock County, in far west central Illinois, destroyed several farms. From a distance, witnesses initially thought the tornado was smoke from a fire. A child was killed after being carried 500 yards; 10 other people were injured. Click HERE for more information from Illinois Genealogy Trails.

1975: Up to 3 inches of rain caused flash flooding throughout Las Vegas, NV. The main damage occurred to vehicles at Caesars Palace with approximately 700 damaged or destroyed with several cars found miles away. North Las Vegas was hardest hit with $3.5 million in damage. Two people drowned in the flood waters.

July 3, 1975 Las Vegas Flood
Above is the parking lot for Caesars Palace on July 4th, 1975.

2000:  There is a certain irony about one of the driest places getting the greatest rainfall, and yet that is what happened at usually rain-sparse Vanguard, Saskatchewan on July 3 when a carwash-like downpour flooded the community of 200 people, some 65 km southeast of Swift Current. As much as 375 mm (14.76”) of rain fell in eight hours, the greatest storm for that duration on the Canadian Prairies and one of the largest rainfall intensities ever recorded in Canada.

The spectacular thunderstorm produced more cloud-to-ground lightning strikes than that part of southern Saskatchewan would expect in two years. A year’s amount of rain left crops in the field drowning and rotting, and roads and rail lines under water. The force of the water crushed cars and farm implements swept away grain bins and soaked large bales. Stranded residents had to be rescued by boat, which rapidly became the carrier of choice on the main street in Vanguard. The flash flood also carried away herds of cattle and drowned dozens of deer and antelope. Some further irony, when millions of liters of contaminated water submerged the water-treatment plant and backed up into homes and businesses, officials had to ship in bottled water from Swift Current. Click HERE for more information from CBC.CA news.

WX History: July 1st

1861: Cherrapunji, Meghalaya, India measured 366 inches of rain during the month of July 1861. From August 1, 1860, to July 31, 1861, Cherrapunji received a record-breaking 1,041.75 inches of precipitation.

July 1, 1861 Cherrapunji Rainfall

1879: The Little Rock, Arkansas weather office opened. The first telegraphic report was sent at 700 am local time. 

1928: A powerful, estimated F4 tornado moved southeast from 6 miles west of Miller, South Dakota, destroying farms near the start of the path. All buildings were leveled to the ground, including two homes. A checkbook from one home was found 10 miles away.

1955: An estimated F2 tornado moved northeast near Bowdle, South Dakota. Two barns were destroyed. A small girl and a pony were reportedly carried a quarter mile without injury.

2002: San Antonio, Texas recorded 9.52 inches of rain on this day to set a new record for its greatest rainfall for the entire month of July. Click HERE for more information from the NWS Office in San Antonio.

July 1, 2002 San Antonio Flood

July 1, 2002 San Antonio Flood 2

WX History: June 26th

1807: Lightning strikes a gunpowder factory in the small European country of Luxembourg, killing more than 300 people. The Luxembourg disaster may have been the most deadly lightning strike in history.

Source: History.com

1986: Hurricane Bonnie made landfall on the upper Texas coast. A wind gust to 98 mph occurred at Sea Rim State Park. Ace, Texas recorded a total of 13 inches of rain.

Hurricane Bonnie 1986



WX History: June 14th

1903: Major flash flooding along Willow Creek destroyed a significant portion of Heppner, Oregon on this day. With a death toll of 247 people, it remains the deadliest natural disaster in Oregon.

June 14, 1903 Willow Creek Flood
Downtown Heppner during the flood.

Source: The Oregon Encyclopedia.



WX History: June 12th

1915: An estimated F4 tornado moved northeast from northwest of Waterville, Iowa crossing the Mississippi River two miles south of Ferryville, Wisconsin. A man and his daughter were killed in one of three homes that were obliterated southwest of Heytman,” a small railroad station on the Mississippi River. 60 buildings and eight homes were destroyed in Wisconsin. This tornado caused approximately $200,000 in damage. In addition to this tornado, another estimated F4 tornado moved northeast across Fayette and Clayton Counties in northeast Iowa. One farm was devastated, the house and barn leveled. Heavy machinery was thrown 300 yards. Clothing was carried two miles.

1948: The Columbia River Basin flood peaked on this date in the Northwest. The flood produced the highest water level in the basin since the flood there in 1894. The damage estimate for the 1948 flood was $101 million, and 75 lives were lost.

June 12, 1948 Columbia Basin Flooding

Source: Floods of May-June 1948 in the Columbia River Basin, a USGS publication.

WX History: June 11th

1842: A late-season snowstorm struck New England. Snow fell during the morning and early afternoon, accumulating to a depth of ten to twelve inches at Irasburg, Vermont. Berlin, New Hampshire was blanketed with eleven inches of snow during the day. Snow whitened the higher peaks of the Appalachians as far south as Maryland. The latest date for the occurrence of a general snowstorm in our period over northern New England and northern New York came in 1842 on the morning of 11 June. Zadock Thompson, a professor of natural history and the Queen City’s longtime weatherman, commented: “Snow during the forenoon’s boards whitened and the mountains as white as in winter.”

Research is ongoing for about this event.

June 11, 1842 Snow

Source: The Cecil Whig. (Elkton, MD.), 18 June 1842. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Library of Congress.


1990: One of the most costly hailstorms in U.S. history occurred as $625 million dollars of damage was caused along the Colorado Front Range from Colorado Springs to Estes Park. Golf to baseball sized hail fell along with heavy rain. 60 people were injured in the storm.

2010: 20 campers were swept away by high water at the Albert Pike Recreation Area, making this Arkansas deadliest flash flood in state history.

2012: An EF-1 tornado occurred south of Ridgeland in Jasper County, South Carolina.

2017: Five large fires on the Mogollon Rim and high terrain of western NM were seen on satellite.

2017: An MCS tracked across South Dakota, Minnesota, and Wisconsin brought widespread destruction. 

2017: A 4.0 earthquake occurred near Harrison, Arkansas.

2017: Snow fell in the Sierra Mountains along Interstate 80.