WX History: June 30th

1792: The first recorded tornado in Canadian history struck the Niagara Peninsula between Foothill and Port Robinson, leveling some houses and uprooting trees between the communities.

1900: The combination of high winds and the presence of wooded fuel-filled cargo helped to spread fire on the Hoboken Docks in New Jersey. The fire began when cotton bales caught fire and spread to nearby volatile liquids. The fire killed at least 300 people and was seen in New York City. Click HERE for more information from the History.com. Click HERE for pictures.

1912: An estimated F4 tornado ripped through Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada on this day. The storm became the deadliest tornado in Canada’s history as it killed 28 people along a rare, 18.5-mile track from south to north.

June 30, 1912 Regina Tornado Damage
Damage to the YMCA building from the tornado. Click HERE for more pictures from Regina, The Early Years.

1999: Mount Baker, Washington closed out a record snowfall season both for the United States and the verifiable world record as the seasonal total from July 1, 1998, to June 30, 1999, finished with 1,140 inches.

2014: The ‘One-two Punch’ Midwest Derechos of June 30 to the early morning hours on July 1st. A pair of Derechos brought parts of the mid-Mississippi Valley and Great Lakes an unusual “one-two punch” on June 30 – July 1, 2014. The Derechos produced swaths of significant wind damage that extended intermittently from far eastern Nebraska through much of Iowa, northern Illinois, and southern Wisconsin into northern Indiana and southern Lower Michigan. The most continuous and intense damage occurred over eastern Iowa, northern Illinois, and northern Indiana, where some locations were affected by both derecho-producing storm systems. The Derechos also were responsible for widespread disruption of air travel through Chicago’s O’Hare International Airport. Click HERE for more information from the Storm Prediction Center. 

June 30, 2014 Derechos

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WX History: June 11th

1842: A late-season snowstorm struck New England. Snow fell during the morning and early afternoon, accumulating to a depth of ten to twelve inches at Irasburg, Vermont. Berlin, New Hampshire was blanketed with eleven inches of snow during the day. Snow whitened the higher peaks of the Appalachians as far south as Maryland. The latest date for the occurrence of a general snowstorm in our period over northern New England and northern New York came in 1842 on the morning of 11 June. Zadock Thompson, a professor of natural history and the Queen City’s longtime weatherman, commented: “Snow during the forenoon’s boards whitened and the mountains as white as in winter.”

Research is ongoing for about this event.

June 11, 1842 Snow

Source: The Cecil Whig. (Elkton, MD.), 18 June 1842. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Library of Congress.

1970

1990: One of the most costly hailstorms in U.S. history occurred as $625 million dollars of damage was caused along the Colorado Front Range from Colorado Springs to Estes Park. Golf to baseball sized hail fell along with heavy rain. 60 people were injured in the storm.

2010: 20 campers were swept away by high water at the Albert Pike Recreation Area, making this Arkansas deadliest flash flood in state history.

2012: An EF-1 tornado occurred south of Ridgeland in Jasper County, South Carolina.

2017: Five large fires on the Mogollon Rim and high terrain of western NM were seen on satellite.

2017: An MCS tracked across South Dakota, Minnesota, and Wisconsin brought widespread destruction. 

2017: A 4.0 earthquake occurred near Harrison, Arkansas.

2017: Snow fell in the Sierra Mountains along Interstate 80.

 

WX History: May 19th

1780: The infamous “dark day” in New England tradition. At noon, it was nearly as dark as night. Chickens went to roost, and many persons were fearful of divine wrath. The “dark day” was caused by forest fires to the west of New England.

May 19, 1780 Fires

The image above is courtesy of the International Journal of Wildland Fire published in 2007. “Fire dates based on tree rings and fire scars indicate that fires occurred in 1780 at several locations, including the Algonquin Highlands of southern Ontario, western Maryland, western Virginia, the Missouri Ozark Highlands, the Boston Mountains of Arkansas, and the Boundary Waters Canoe Area of northern Minnesota.” 

Source: International Journal of Wildland Fire.

1915: A spring storm came to an end after producing widespread snow. Total snowfall from the storm included: 17.6 inches in Scottsbluff, Nebraska, 8 inches at Cheyenne, Wyoming, 7 inches at Chadron and 3.9 inches in North Platte, Nebraska.

1990:

2017: Heavy snowfall occurred on May 18-19th in Wyoming. 

2017: A waterspout was observed by Lavagna, Italy.

WX History: May 11th

1865: A tornado touched down in Philadelphia around 6 PM ET, killing one person and injuring 15 others. There was great destruction to property, with 23 houses blown down, damage to the Reading Railroad depot, with the water tank, carried 150 yards. Fairmont Park was damaged to the amount of $20,000.

1934: A tremendous dust storm affected the Plains as the Dust Bowl era was in full swing. According to The New York Times, dust “lodged itself in the eyes and throats of weeping and coughing New Yorkers,” and even ships some 300 miles offshore sawdust collect on their decks.

Source: History.com

1953: A terrifying F5 tornado rips through downtown Waco, Texas, killing 114 people and injuring nearly 600 more. More than 850 homes, 600 businesses, and 2,000 cars are destroyed or severely damaged. Losses have been estimated at $41 million. The tornado is the deadliest in Texas history and the tenth deadliest in the US.

Source: NWS Office in Dallas/Fort Worth.

2014: Ice still remained on Lake Superior following the brutally cold winter of 2013-2014.

2017: Florida saw 138 active wildfires which burned 30,863 acres on this day in 2017.

WX History: April 7th

1926: Lightning started a disastrous oil fire at San Luis Obispo, California, which lasted for five days, spread over 900 acres, and burned over six million barrels of oil. Flames reached 1000 feet, and the temperature of the fire was estimated at 2,500 degrees. The fire spawned thousands of whirlwinds with hundreds the size of small tornadoes. One vortex traveled one mile to the east-northeast of the blaze, destroying a small farmhouse and killing two people. Damage totaled $15 million.

April 7, 1926 Tank Farm Fire
This is the San Luis Obispo fire.

Source: SanLuisObispo.com

1948: Illinois and Indian saw six tornadoes on this day, with three occurring near Chicago. The strongest tornado, an estimated F4, ripped through Kankakee County in Illinois, and Lake, Porter, and Jasper County in Indiana. According to Thomas Grazulis book, Significant Tornadoes 1680-1991, this tornado was “perhaps the first photograph that clearly showed a distant multiple-suction-vortex structure.”

April 7, 1948 Peotone, IL Tornado 2
The clipping above is from Thomas Grazulis book, Significant Tornadoes 1680-1991. This picture can be found on page 937.

Sources: Chicago Tribune Archives.  The Tornado Project.

1980: Severe thunderstorms spawned tornadoes that ripped through central Arkansas. The severe thunderstorms also produce high winds and baseball size hail. Five counties were declared disaster areas by President Carter. A tornado causing F3 damage also affected St. Louis and St. Charles counties in Missouri producing $2.5 million in damage. *More research is needed on this event*

2006: Nine tornadoes traveled across the Mid-Tennessee causing 10 fatalities. 

2010: The record heat that affected the region on April 6-7 included 93 degrees at the Washington-Dulles Airport on April 6, the earliest 90-degree reading on record. On April 7, Newark, New Jersey, shattered its daily record by seven degrees when the maximum temperature rose to 92 degrees. The Northeast ended up with its second warmest April in 116 years.