WX History: August 11th

1860

1940: A Category 2 hurricane struck the Georgia and South Carolina coast. A 13-foot storm tide was measured along the South Carolina coast, while over 15 inches of rain fell across northern North Carolina. Significant flooding and landslides struck Georgia, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia during the system’s slow trek as a weakening tropical storm, and then as an extratropical cyclone, through the Southeast. The landslides which struck North Carolina were considered a once in a century event.

Aug 11, 1940 Hurricane Georgia SC

Source: Southeast Hurricane: August 10-18, 1940 by the Weather Prediction Center.

1999: An F2 tornado touched down in the metropolitan area of Salt Lake City. The tornado lasted ten minutes and killed one person, injured more than 80 people, and caused more than $170 million in damages. It was the most destructive tornado in Utah’s history and awakened the entire state’s population to the fact that the Beehive State does experience tornadoes.

Aug 11, 1999 Salt Lake City Tornado

Source: NWS Office in Salt Lake City and TornadoTalk.com.

 

WX History: August 10th

1856: A hurricane destroyed Isle Dernieres or Last Island, a pleasure resort south-southwest of New Orleans on this day. The highest points of the island were under five feet of water. The resort hotel was destroyed, along with the island’s gambling establishments. Over 200 people perished, and the island lost all its vegetation and split in half. Only one cow remained on the island after the catastrophe. The Last Island is now only a haven for pelicans and other sea birds. The steamer Nautilus foundered during the storm. The lone survivor clung to a bale of cotton and washed ashore sometime later.

Aug 10, 1856 Isle of Derniere

Source(s): A Hurricane Destroyed This Louisiana Resort Town, Never to Be Inhabited Again – smithsonianmag.com

Clipped from The Times-Picayune,  15 Aug 1856, Fri,  FRIDAY’S AFTERNOON EDITION,  Page 2 – Tom Malmay.

1884: An earthquake, centered near New York City and registering a magnitude 5.5, hit the region a little after 2 PM. The tremor made houses shake, chimneys fall, and residents wonder what the heck was going on, according to a New York Times article two days later.

Aug 10, 1884 New York Earthquake

Source: Historical Earthquakes – USGS.gov

1886: An estimated F3 tornado moved southeast from 10 miles northwest of Aberdeen. This massive tornado destroyed four homes and a dozen barns. This is the earliest significant tornado on record for Brown County.

1966

1980

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WX History: August 9th

1878: The second deadliest tornado in New England history struck Wallingford, Connecticut, killing 34 persons, injuring 100 others, and completely destroying thirty homes. The tornado started as a waterspout over a dam on the Quinnipiac River. It was 400 to 600 feet wide and had a short path length of two miles. The deadliest New England tornado occurred in 1953 when an F4 killed 90 people in Worcester, Massachusetts.

Aug 9, 1878 Wallingford Tornado
Artist’s conception of the tornado damage from the Wallingford Tornado of 1878. The illustration was first published in Harper’s Weekly, 1878.

Source: The Great Wallingford Tornado – Connecticut History.org

1969: An F3 tornado hit the northern suburbs of Cincinnati, Ohio, killing four people. The tornado moved in a southeasterly direction at 40 to 50 mph.

1992: An F2 tornado caused significant damage to the town of Chester, South Dakota shortly after 7 pm CDT. Four businesses were destroyed, three others had major damage, and five had minor damage. An elevator and new grain bin were leveled, and another bin was heavily damaged. Most of the building housing the fire department was demolished. In one instance a steel beam was thrust through a garage and into the car inside. One mile north of Chester, an entire house was moved off the foundation. The town had to be evacuated for 19 hours after the tornado because the tornado damaged a 12,000-gallon ammonia tank releasing 4,000 gallons of the liquid gas into the air. To the south of Chester, the storm destroyed a new convenience store and blew two fuel tanks over 100 yards.

2009

2017

WX History: August 8th

1874: Swarms of Rocky Mountain locust invaded Denver, Colorado. Millions were seen cruising through the air. The insects were apparently picked up by a thunderstorm gust front and carried into the city. The grasshoppers ravaged crops in surrounding counties for the last month.

Aug 8, 1874 The Year of the Locust
A Kansas farm family fights a losing battle with the relentless “hoppers” in a cartoon by 19th-century illustrator Hanry Worrall. From the Kansas State Historical Society.

Source: 1874: The Year of the Locust. Historynet.com.

2007: A tornado bounces across Staten Island and Brooklyn, New York, ripping off roofs and damaging dozens of buildings. The EF-2 twister hop-scotched through Brooklyn’s Bay Ridge and Sunset Park neighborhoods around 6:30 am.

Aug 8, 2007 Brooklyn NY Tornado Info

Source: Storm Data for August 2007.

WX History: August 7th

1924: A tornado caused estimated F4 damage as it moved southeast from south of Osseo, WI to Black River Falls, WI. One person was killed as a home was leveled and a boy was killed running to the storm cellar near the start of the path. Two people died as farm homes were swept away near the northeast edge of Black River Falls. The tornado followed the present route of Interstate 94.

Source: Wisconsin Historical Society.

1980: Hurricane Allen bottomed out at 899 millibars (26.55 inches of mercury) while moving through the Yucatan Channel in the southeastern part of the Gulf of Mexico. Allen was the second lowest pressure ever recorded in the Western Hemisphere up to that time. Allen’s winds at the time were sustained at 190 mph.

Aug 7, 1980 Hurriacane Allen
Hurricane Allen on August 7th, 1980. The image is courtesy of NOAA.

2010: An EF4 tornado touched down south of Tyler in Richland County North Dakota and tracked to the northeast for roughly 2.5 miles before crossing the Bois de Sioux River into Wilkin County, Minnesota. In Wilkin County, the tornado continued for another 2.5 miles and lifted about 650 pm CDT. The total track length was about 5 miles, and peak winds were estimated at 175 mph.

WX History: August 6th

1918

1959: Hurricane Dot crossed Kauai in the Hawaiian Islands producing sustained winds of 105 mph with gusts to 125 mph. Over 6 inches of rain fell with over 9 inches on the big island of Hawaii. The sugar cane crop on Kauai sustained $2.7 million in damages.

August 6, 1959 Hurricane Dot

1993: Virginia experienced its worst tornado outbreak ever as 18 tornadoes ripped through the state in 5 hours. The most devastating tornado caused severe damage in the historic part of Petersburg. The storm then moved onto Pocahontas Island and into Colonial Heights. There, the storm ripped apart a WalMart store, killing three people and injuring nearly 200. The F4 twister was the first known violent tornado in Virginia history. It killed a total of 4 people and injured 246 along its 12-mile path. Total damages were near $50 million.

Source: History Looks Back at Tri-Cities Tornado of 1993 by WTVR.

2015

 

WX History: August 5th

1843: A spectacular cloudburst near Philadelphia turned the small creeks and streams entering the Delaware River into raging torrents. According to David Ludlum, as much as sixteen inches of rain fell in just three hours. Flooding destroyed thirty-two county bridges and caused nineteen deaths. It is believed that several small tornadoes accompanied the torrential rains, one of which upset and sank more than thirty barges on the Schuylkill River.

Source: Great Rain Storm and Flood – Delaware County History.

1875: Several tornadoes moved across northern and central Illinois. One of the stronger tornadoes touched down in Warren and Knox County where it destroyed 25 homes and killed two people. Another in a series of tornadoes touched down near Knoxville and moved east into northern Peoria County. This estimated F4 tornado injured 40 people and was described by eyewitnesses as looking like a “monstrous haystack.”

Aug 5, 1875 Macomb Torndado Damge
The image above was Fisher Foundry in Macomb, IL. The image is courtesy of the Archives and Special Collections at Western Illinois University Libraries.

Source: Archives and Special Collections, Western Illinois University Libraries.

1980: Hurricane Allen was one of the most intense hurricanes ever observed in the Atlantic. On this date, the hurricane reached Category 5 status for the first of three times during its long path across the Atlantic as reconnaissance aircraft measured 911 millibars (26.90 inches of mercury) pressure in the eastern Caribbean while south of Puerto Rico.

2017

 

WX History: August 4th

1609: Sir Thomas Gates, future governor of Virginia, was on his way to England from Jamestown. On Saint James Day, while between Cuba and the Bahamas, a “most terrible and vehement storm” raged for 44 hours. One of the small vessels in the fleet sank to the bottom of the Florida Straits. Four of the remaining vessels reached Virginia soon after the storm…followed a few days later by three other ships. The flagship, known as Sea Adventure, disappeared and was presumed lost. A small bit of fortune befell the ship and her crew when they made landfall on Bermuda. Although the vessel was damaged on a surrounding coral reef, all survived and spent ten months on the unsettled isle. The Spaniards, though shipwrecked on the island many times, had failed to colonize there. The British claimed the island and quickly settled the subtropical isle. In May 1610, they set forth for Jamestown, this time arriving at their destination. This near catastrophe likely provided the inspiration and background for William Shakespeare’s play, The Tempest.

Source(s): BBC.CO.UK and Virginia Hurricane History from the Weather Prediction Center.

1882: A vivid aurora was visible from Oregon to Maine, down the east coast as far as Mayport, FL, and inland as far as Wellington, KS. Observers at Louisville, KY noted “merry dancers” across the sky, and observers at Saint Vincent, MN noted it was probably the most brilliant ever seen at that location.

Aug 4, 1882 Auroras

Source: Monthly Weather Review.

2008: Severe storms moved across northern Illinois and Indiana with tornadoes and stiff winds reported. With tornado sirens blaring, the game at Wrigley Field between Cubs and Astros was stopped as fans were told to evacuate to the lower concourse. Passengers at O’Hare International Airport were evacuated to lower levels of buildings as well. An estimated 350 flights were canceled.

Source: NWS Office in Chicago, Illinois.

2009: The strongest tornado to hit Quebec since the same date in 1994 ripped through Mont-Laurier. The F2 tornado tore through the small western Quebec town severely damaging about 40 homes. Two men were taken to the hospital with minor injuries.

Source: Tornado slams Quebec’s Mont-Laurier – CBCNEWS

2017

WX History: August 3rd

1874: The crew of a Union fleet witnessed a waterspout move right past their ship, causing no damage, in Albemarle Sound, North Carolina.

Aug 3, 1864 Albemarle Sound Waterspout
Grand Water-Spout in Albemarle Sound, August 3, 1864. Harper’s Weekly.

Source: Civil War Harper’s Weekly, Published on September 10, 1864.

1885: A tornado causing estimated F3 damage hit Philadelphia and Camden along its eight-mile path.Aug 3, 1885 Philadelphia Tornado

Source: Millheim Journal. volume (Millheim, Pa.), 06 Aug. 1885. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress

1970: Hurricane Celia was the costliest tropical cyclone in Texas history until Hurricane Alicia in 1983. Hurricane Celia made landfall near Port Aransas as a major Hurricane, Category 3 on the Saffir-Simpson scale with sustained winds of 130 mph.

Source: NWS Office in Corpus Christi, Texas.

1997

2017

2017

WX History: August 2nd

1896

 

1985: An aircraft accident occurred at Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport at approximately 6:00 p.m. Neither the crew nor air traffic control was aware that below what appeared to be a rather insignificant thunderstorm existed a strong downdraft of cold, dense air. Upon final approach, the pilot of the Lockheed L-1011 ran into the microburst and was unable to lift out of it. He lost control of the aircraft, hitting several objects on the ground before finally crashing into a water tank near the runway. 133 people were killed, and 31 were injured.

Source: WFAA.com

1995

 

2006: Johannesburg, South Africa residents see snow flurries for the first time in at least eight years.

August 2, 2006 South Africa Snow Source: NASA’s Earth Observatory.

2006

2015

The same storms that wrecked havoc in Michigan, also impacted southern Ontario. The intense storms caused nearly 50,000 customers to lose power.

Aug 2, 2015 Toronto Storm
The picture from CBCNEWS and was taken by Mike Talmage.

Source: CBCNEWS.

 

2017